List important vaccines indian kids
Becoming a new parent fills one with immense joy combined with one of the biggest responsibilities – raising a healthy child. Vaccines are as much important (if not more) as much is proper food, nutrition, sleep and hygiene, for ensuring a safe future and well-being of your little one.As we all know, there are umpteen number of new vaccines available today for preventing the occurrence of various rare and dangerous diseases, along with the age-old mandatory ones. It is humanely impossible to memorize when, which vaccine is due for your baby, so here I am trying to make your life easier by listing them all down, that are to be given at different age levels. For your ease and convenience, you’ll need to mark your calendars and set reminders so that you don’t miss out on any dose.
- BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) – this is a mandatory vaccine which helps prevent tuberculosis. It causes swelling at the place of the injection, however no medicine or ointment must be applied in that area.
- OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) – this is another mandatory vaccine which prevents polio and is administered by oral drops. It is given free to all children up to the age of 5 years, at government centers on Pulse Polio Immunization day, twice in a year.
- Hepatitis B – within 12 hours of baby’s birth, this mandatory vaccine must be given, which prevents the Hepatitis B virus from causing liver infections.
- HPS (Human Papilloma Virus) – an optional vaccine for girls that prevents cervical and other genital cancers.
6 – 8WEEKS:
- DTP (Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis) –mandatory vaccine preventing the 3 diseases namely Diphtheria (upper respiratory illness), Tetanus and Pertussis (whooping cough). The baby may have to face swelling, pain and mild fever after receiving this vaccine.
- Re-administration of OPV and Hepatitis B – it’s time for your baby’s mandatory second dose of these vaccines.
- HiB (Haemophilus Influenza Type B) – an optional vaccine, if opted for, this will be the time for its first doze, which prevents serious infections in the brain, throat and lungs. The injected area may have slight swelling, redness and pain.
- IPV (Injectable Polio Vaccine) – an optional but highly recommended vaccine, whose first dose is prescribed at this stage.
It is usually recommended to go in for both types of polio vaccines – OPV and IPV because OPV helps in protecting not just the vaccinated child but also the community around and IPV is highly and better effective for the child.
- ROTAVIRUS – this optional vaccine protects your child from rotavirus which is one of the main causes of diarrhea.
- PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine) – optional vaccine that helps protect from pneumonia and brain fever. It is quite expensive and given in 3 doses, first of which must be given now.
5-IN-1-VACCINE – I have not numbered this one because it is a combination of DTP, HiB and IPV and is given as one single injection that prevents 5 childhood diseases. You can opt for this one if you decide to opt for the optional HiB vaccine and this is the stage at which it must be given to the baby.
10 – 16 WEEKS:
Second doses of the following are due at this stage –
DTP, HiB (if opted for earlier), IPV, Rotavirus (if opted for earlier), PCV (if opted for earlier) and OPV.
As discussed above, the 5-in-1 vaccine can also be taken instead of 3 separate injections, if HiB is opted for earlier.
Your child is due for the 3rd dose of DTP, HiB, Rotavirus, IPV, Hepatitus B, OPV and PCV. Again, you have a choice of the single vaccine of DTP, HiB and IPV.
Influenza Vaccine – the first dose of this vaccine is recommended at this stage.
Second dose of Influenza vaccine must be given now.
MEASLES – a critically mandatory vaccine that protects your child from the highly contagious disease of measles. Also taken at this stage is the MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine).
Typhoid CV – A mandatory vaccine that helps prevent typhoid, now will be the first dose of this vaccine for your child.
AT 1 YEAR:
Hepatitis A and Varicella – the first dose is given now, helps in preventing chickenpox and immunization against transmitted diseases from Hepatitis A.
AT 15 MONTHS:
PCV booster and second dose of MMR.
AT 16-18 MONTHS:
IPV, HiB, DTP boosters, MMR vaccine.
AT 18 MONTHS:
Second dose of Hepatitis A.
AT 2 YEARS:
Typhoid booster. Your baby has grown up to move around freely without any intervention and hence maybe exposed to contaminated water and food. Hence, this vaccine will help in preventing the occurrence of this serious disease that may even cause death.
AT 4-6 YEARS:
Third dose of OPV, Typhoid booster, DTP booster and second dose of vaccination against chickenpox.
I hope this article has helped in assisting the various worried moms out there about the important vaccines to be given to their babies at different stages of their early years.
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